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Special Topics

From updates on policies and regulations to human rights primers to guidance for lawyers, this section features resources on special topics related to business and human rights.

Special Topics



John Ruggie Letter to European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker

February 2017 | John G. Ruggie

Author of the Guiding Principles and Shift Chair John Ruggie writes to the President of the European Commission calling for greater EU leadership on business and human rights issues.

Making Economic Globalization Work for All: Achieving Socially Sustainable Supply Chains

February 2017 | John G. Ruggie

In this keynote address to G20 countries, Shift Chair and Guiding Principles author John Ruggie argues that effectively managed global supply chains can be significant leverage points to make globalization work better for all.

NBIM Workshop Report: Implementing the UN Guiding Principles

January 2017 | Shift | Partners: Norges Bank Investment Management

Summary report from a workshop facilitated by Shift for Norges Bank Investment Management and investee companies

Doing Business With Respect for Human Rights

November 2016 | Global Compact Network Netherlands, Oxfam, Shift

This comprehensive and foundational guide offers practical advice, experiences and insights to help companies respect human rights.

Business, Human Rights and the Sustainable Development Goals: Forging a Coherent Vision and Strategy

November 2016 | Caroline Rees, Shift; Business and Sustainable Development Commission

Companies’ single greatest opportunity to contribute to human development lies in advancing respect for the human rights of workers and communities touched by their value chains.

Making Globalization Work for all: Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals Through Business Respect for Human Rights

November 2016 | John G. Ruggie

Respect for the dignity of every person is at the very core of the people part of sustainable development — and is critical for a socially sustainable globalization.

What Do the UN Sustainable Development Goals Have to Do With Corporate Respect for Human Rights?

September 2016

For business to realize its full contribution to sustainable development, it must put efforts to advance respect for human rights at the heart of its strategy.

Relationship Between the UN Sustainable Development Goals and the Guiding Principles

September 2016 | Shift

In this webinar, Shift President Caroline Rees says that for business to realize its full contribution to sustainable development, it must put efforts to advance respect for human rights at the heart of its strategy.

Shift Submission to Public Consultation on Italian National Action Plan

September 2016 | Shift

In September 2016 we submitted comments to the Italian government to support its development of a National Action Plan on business and human rights.

Forging the Path as Wise Counselors

September 2016 | David W. Rivkin, President

International Bar Association President David. W. Rivkin writes about the far-reaching implications of the IBA's new Practical Guide for business lawyers on human rights.

Shift's Reporting Program

August 2016 | Partners: Clinique internationale de défense des droits humains de l’Université de Québec à Montréal, Ernst & Young, Hermes EOS, Mazars, Walden Asset Management

Through our reporting program we engage with companies, governments, investors and others about how reporting can be a driver of improved business respect for human rights.

Where We're At: Taking Stock of Progress on Business and Human Rights

August 2016 | Caroline Rees and Rachel Davis, Co-Founders of Shift

Five years after the endorsement of the Guiding Principles at the UN - and the founding of Shift - we reflect on five positive areas of progress, and five areas where urgent progress is needed.

Supporting Financial Institutions to Implement the Guiding Principles

August 2016 | Partners: individual export credit agencies, development finance institutions and private banks

Beyond their own responsibility to respect human rights, financial institutions can play a critical role in helping to set expectations for virtually every other industry sector.

Business and Human Rights in New Zealand

July 2016 | Partners: New Zealand Human Rights Commission; New Zealand Superannuation Fund

This educational and awareness series featured a week of discussions on business and human rights in New Zealand.

ESG Toolkit for Fund Managers: Briefing Note on Human Rights

June 2016 | CDC - development financial institution of the UK government

This briefing note, issued by CDC, the development finance institution of the UK, aims to provide fund managers with a practical introduction to human rights.

IBA Practical Guide on Business and Human Rights for Business Lawyers

June 2016 | International Bar Association

This foundational guidance, issued by the International Bar Association, is designed to help bar associations and business lawyers everywhere understand the Guiding Principles.

What Do Company Directors Need to Know About Human Rights?

May 2016

New guidance published by the UK Equality and Human Rights Commission tells company boards what they need to know about human rights.

Corporate Accountability for Human Rights Abuses: A Guide for Victims and NGOs on Recourse Mechanisms

May 2016 | International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH)

This comprehensive guide is designed to help victims, their representatives and civil society organizations seek justice for victims of human rights abuses involving multinational corporations.

Improving Accountability and Access to Remedy for Victims of Business-Related Human Rights Abuse

May 2016 | UN High Commissioner for Human Rights; UN Human Rights Council

This report, issued by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, sets out guidance for states to improve access to judicial remedy for victims of business-related human rights abuses.

Business and Human Rights: A Five-Step Guide for Company Boards

May 2016 | Shift and UK Equality and Human Rights Commission

This short guidance provides “need to know” information for company leaders about how to meet the UN Guiding Principles’ expectations of doing business with respect for human rights.

“For the Game. For the World.” FIFA and Human Rights

April 2016 | John G. Ruggie; Corporate Responsibility Initiative, Harvard Kennedy School

This independent report by former Special Representative John Ruggie and Shift recommends how global football body FIFA needs to manage the far-reaching human rights risks associated with its activities and relationships.

Webinar: Integrating Human Rights Considerations Into Mergers and Acquisitions

April 2016 | Shift, UN Global Compact

This webinar, hosted by the UN Global Compact, provides an overview and discussion of how human rights can and should be considered in mergers and acquisitions processes. It features speakers from Shift, Total and Ericsson.

Preventing Corporate Involvement in Mass Atrocity Crimes

March 2016 | Rachel Davis, Shift; Global Center for the Responsibility to Protect

This resource examines how companies can be involved in mass atrocity crimes, such as genocide, war crimes or crimes against humanity, and how the responsibilities of states and companies intersect when human rights are at heightened risk.

The Sustainable Development Goals and the Guiding Principles

February 2016 | John G. Ruggie

This open letter was authored by Shift Chair John Ruggie and sent to the heads of the Global Commission on Business and Sustainable Development.

Video: Introduction to Salient Human Rights Issues

February 2016 | Shift and Mazars; UN Guiding Principles Reporting Framework

What are salient human rights issues and why do they matter? This short video introduces the concept and explains how companies should focus on salient issues for both action and reporting.

What Do Human Rights Have to Do With Mergers and Acquisitions?

January 2016 | Anna Triponel, Shift

This resource provides guidance on how companies can identify and address human rights risks when structuring mergers and acquisitions (M&A) transactions.

Webinar: Introduction to the UN Guiding Principles Reporting Framework

December 2015 | Shift, UN Global Compact

This webinar explores how business can use the UN Guiding Principles Framework to report in a meaningful way on human rights risks and impacts. The webinar also features speakers from Shift, H&M and Newmont.

How to Do Business With Respect for Children’s Right to Be Free From Child Labour

December 2015 | Shift; International Labour Organization, International Organisation of Employers

This comprehensive guidance covers all aspects of implementing the Guiding Principles for companies, specifically focused on eliminating child labor.

Independent Review and Recommendations for FIFA on Human Rights

December 2015 | Partners: Harvard Kennedy Schoool

Shift Chair John Ruggie conducted an independent review and issued recommendations for FIFA on human rights, with support from the Shift team.

How to Develop a Human Rights Policy

November 2015 | UN Global Compact

This foundational resource walks companies through the process of committing to respect human rights: developing a human rights policy.

Adding Human Rights Punch to the New Lex Mercatoria

October 2015 | John G. Ruggie and John F. Sherman III; Oxford Journal of International Dispute Settlement

This article argues that the Guiding Principles add significant “punch” to the private law of contracts when major international businesses require their partners and suppliers to comply with the Guiding Principles.

Corporate Contradictions

September 2015

How companies can avoid four stumbling blocks on the path to respect for human rights.

Guidance for UK Company Directors on Human Rights

September 2015 | Partners: UK Equality and Human Rights Commission; UK Financial Reporting Council

This collaboration aims to improve UK-quoted company boards' and investors' understanding of the corporate responsibility to respect human rights.

Mapping the Modern Slavery Act Against the UN Guiding Principles

July 2015 | Shift

This brief explains how the UK Modern Slavery Act aligns to the Guiding Principles, and how companies can meaningfully and efficiently meet expectations of both the Act and the Guiding Principles.

Addressing Sector-Wide Risks Through Negotiated Covenants in the Netherlands

July 2015 | Partners: Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs; Social and Economic Council of the Netherlands

Shift is supporting the Dutch Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Economic Affairs as part of a process to engage leading Dutch business sectors in developing sector-based covenants to address “international CSR” risks.

Human Rights and the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises: Normative Innovations and Implementation Challenges

May 2015 | John G. Ruggie and Tamaryn Nelson, Corporate Responsibility Initiative, Harvard Kennedy School

This paper analyzes the use of the OECD National Contact Point system as a means to bring complaints against multinational corporations in relation to human rights impacts, and offers suggestions about how to strengthen the system.

Human Rights Due Diligence in High Risk Circumstances

March 2015 | Shift

This resource focuses on how to do human rights due diligence in high risk circumstances – and how to identify those circumstances in the first place.

UN Guiding Principles Reporting Framework

February 2015 | Shift, Mazars

The UNGP Reporting Framework and its 31 “smart” questions guide a company through the steps they should take to both manage human rights risks and report on them.

Key Terms on Business and Human Rights

February 2015 | Shift and Mazars; UN Guiding Principles Reporting Framework

This glossary provides standard definitions for key terminology on the topic of business and human rights.

How Can Businesses Impact Human Rights?

February 2015 | Shift and Mazars; UN Guiding Principles Reporting Framework

This concise table includes a summary list of internationally recognized human rights, provides a short explanation of each right, and offers examples of how business activities could impact the right.

Guidance for Companies on Respecting the Human Rights to Water and Sanitation

January 2015 | Shift and Pacific Institute; UN Global Compact CEO Water Mandate

This comprehensive guidance covers all aspects of implementing the Guiding Principles for companies, specifically focused on the rights to water and sanitation.

Six Reasons Why Lawyers Should Practice Law with Respect for Human Rights

November 2014

The International Bar Association has issued draft guidance for legal professionals on the Guiding Principles.

Building the Capacity of OECD National Contact Points

October 2014 | Partners: Consensus Building Institute

Over a period of several years, Shift supported several National Contact Point systems to help them better fulfill their role as part of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises.

Global Perspectives on the Responsibility to Respect

October 2014 | Partners: Oxfam, Global Compact Network Netherlands

This collaboration looks at how companies in emerging economies are implementing the Guiding Principles.

Trends in Human Rights Due Diligence and Development Finance

October 2014 | Partners: Nordic Trust Fund

To help World Bank staff better understand how human rights relate to their core work, Shift interviewed issue experts and facilitated a workshop about experiences implementing human rights due diligence.

Embedding Respect for Human Rights in Key Company Functions

September 2014 | Partners: CSR Europe

Shift provided expert support to CSR Europe to help its member companies understand how to effectively embed respect for human rights across their operations, and particularly in the key functions in human resources, procurement and risk.

Treaties and the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights: The Way Forward

July 2014

Neither companies nor governments should fear that the treaty process in Geneva is a diversion from, or dilution of, what has been achieved in the last 10 years with the Guiding Principles.

The Rising Tide of Human Rights Reporting Requirements

July 2014

The UK Financial Reporting Council's new guidance lays out expectations for companies on reporting on human rights.

Evidence of Corporate Disclosure Relevant to the Guiding Principles

June 2014 | Shift

This resource analyzes corporate reporting from 43 companies between 2013 and 2014 to examine how they report on human rights in line with expectations of the Guiding Principles.

Supporting Norway's Export Credit Agency on the Guiding Principles

June 2014 | Partners: Norwegian Export Credit Guarantee Agency (GIEK)

Shift provided expert support to the Agency in 2013 on policies, stakeholder engagement and grievance pathways related to business and human rights.

Building Capacity on the UN Guiding Principles in Ghana

June 2014 | Partners: Ghana Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice, Centre for Research on Multinational Enterprises (SOMO)

Shift and the Ghana Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice jointly organized three capacity building workshops in Accra for various stakeholder groups.

Organizing the Human Rights Function Within a Company

May 2014 | Shift; UN Global Compact

This UN Global Compact good practice note examines different models for how companies assign responsibility for human rights within the company, and compares relative merits of each model.

Remediation, Grievance Mechanisms and the Corporate Responsibility to Respect Human Rights

May 2014 | Shift

This resource reviews what companies are expected to do to provide remedy when human rights impacts have already occurred, whether in their own operations or in their value chains, in line with the Guiding Principles.

Costs of Company-Community Conflict in the Extractive Sector

May 2014 | Rachel Davis and Daniel Franks; Shift and Corporate Responsibility Initiative, Harvard Kennedy School

This groundbreaking research quantifies the costs of getting stakeholder engagement wrong in the extractives sector – namely, the costs of conflict between extractive companies and local communities.

Pointing the Way Forwards on Non-Financial Reporting

April 2014

The adoption of the EU law on non-financial reporting is a potentially pivotal moment for the advancement of responsible business conduct.

Paradigm Shift: It's Time to Speak about the Purpose of the Corporation

March 2014 | Filip Gregor

A critical look at the role of companies in society, and the concept of shareholder value.

The UN Guiding Principles for the Business Lawyer

February 2014 | John F. Sherman III, Shift; Juriste International

This short article lays out why business lawyers need to understand the Guiding Principles and consider human rights as part of due diligence they perform for clients and companies.

Business and Human Rights Impacts: Identifying and Prioritizing Human Rights Risks

January 2014 | Shift

This report reflects learning from a workshop with 12 Dutch companies together with expert stakeholders about how companies can identify and prioritize human rights risks and test their findings through stakeholder engagement.

Supporting Effective Factory-Level Grievance Mechanisms With the Better Work Programme

December 2013 | Partners: Better Work Programme, International Labour Organization

In collaboration with the ILO's Better Work Programme, Shift developed a manual for Enterprise Advisors to integrate guidance on effective factory-level grievance mechanisms into the support that Better Work provides to factories.

Corporate Lawyers and the Guiding Principles

November 2013 | John G. Ruggie

Shift Chair and Guiding Principles author John Ruggie reflects on the implications of the Guiding Principles for lawyers.

State of Play of Corporate Human Rights Reporting Initiatives 2013

November 2013 | Shift

This resource reviews regulatory and stock engage requirements on corporate reporting that reference human rights. The research took place in 2013 – since that time, a number of corporate reporting requirements have been developed or amended.

Using Leverage in Business Relationships to Reduce Human Rights Risks

November 2013 | Shift

This resource walks readers through how a company can systematically and strategically influence the behavior of others, including in its value chain, when seeking to prevent or address human rights risks.

Shift Comments on UK Financial Reporting Council's 2013 Exposure Draft Guidance

November 2013 | Shift, John G. Ruggie

In 2013, Shift submitted comments to the UK Financial Reporting Council regarding draft guidance for companies on compliance with the UK Companies Act.

Tax Abuse as a Business and Human Rights Issue

October 2013

Can corporate avoidance of taxes also lead to human rights harms?

Proposed Amendments to European Commission Reporting Directive

October 2013

Shift and our Chair John Ruggie submit proposals to the Commission to enhance the alignment of the proposed Directive with the Guiding Principles.

Raise the Curtain: Human Rights in Retail Supply Chains

September 2013 | Sean Ansett

Moving from auditing and codes to business integration and long-term relationships.

GSCP Reference Tool on Social and Labor Management Systems for Suppliers

September 2013 | Global Social Compliance Programme, Consumer Goods Forum

This resource, developed with support from Shift, is designed for suppliers to help them assess and manage social and labor rights risks through robust management systems.

Bringing a Human Rights Lens to Stakeholder Engagement

August 2013 | Shift

This resource helps companies understand what the Guiding Principles expect when they use the term “meaningful stakeholder engagement" and summarizes particular aspects of stakeholder engagement that are critical for implementing the Guiding Principles.

From Audit to Innovation: Advancing Human Rights in Global Supply Chains

August 2013 | Shift

This resource reviews the limitations of audits as human rights risk assessment and management tools, and offers examples and case studies of alternative and complementary approaches pioneered by companies in different sectors.

Company-Community Conflicts: Challenges and Opportunities for Mediators in the African Context

August 2013 | Brian Ganson

Skilled mediators can help resolve complex company-community conflicts.

The OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises: Trade Union Guide

July 2013 | Trade Union Advisory Committee to the OECD

This guide, authored by the Trade Union Advisory Committee to the OECD, is designed for trade unions and provides an overview of the Guidelines and how trade unions can make use of them.

Raising Awareness on the Guiding Principles in Zambia

July 2013 | Partners: Caritas-Zambia

In collaboration with partners, Shift facilitated awareness raising workshops in Lusaka, Zambia for government, business and civil society.

Supporting the OECD on Stakeholder Engagement in the Extractive Sector

July 2013 | Partners: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Shift authored a discussion paper for the OECD on stakeholder engagement in the extractive industry, setting out options and recommendations for a proposed "user guide" to address this issue.

European Commission Sector Guides on Implementing the Guiding Principles

June 2013 | European Commission; Shift and Institute for Human Rights and Business

These three comprehensive guidance documents cover all aspects of implementing the Guiding Principles for companies in three sectors: information and communication technologies (ICT), oil and gas and employment and recruitment.

Consulting With Stakeholders in Myanmar

May 2013

As Myanmar opens for business, how can companies ensure they hear from potentially affected people?

Dispute or Dialogue? Community Perspectives on Company-Led Grievance Mechanisms

May 2013 | Emma Wilson and Emma Blackmore; International Institute for Environment and Development

This book explores the use and impact of company-community grievance mechanisms in the oil and gas, forestry, and mining sectors through a series of practical case studies.

Conducting Meaningful Stakeholder Consultation in Myanmar

April 2013 | Shift

This resource, based on extensive on-the-ground stakeholder consultations, is designed to help companies in or planning to enter the Myanmar market to develop and implement a stakeholder engagement strategy, aligned to the Guiding Principles.

Collaborating With the IFC on Guidance for High Risk Contexts

March 2013 | Partners: International Finance Corporation

Shift provided expert input to the International Finance Corporation on potential good practice guidance for its private sector clients on human rights due diligence in high risk circumstances.

Unternehmensverantwortung für Menschenrechte: Ableitung von Handlungsempfehlungen auf der Basis von Experteninterviews und internationalen Fallstudien

February 2013 | Shift, adelphi; German Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs

This study, partially authored by Shift and commissioned by the German Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, reviews how the German government could support the implementation of the Guiding Principles.

The UN Guiding Principles: Practical Implications for Business Lawyers

January 2013 | John F. Sherman III; In-House Defense Quarterly

This resource focuses on the significance and implications of the Guiding Principles for corporate lawyers and the role of lawyers in meeting client business goals while respecting human rights.

GSCP Reference Tool on Supply Chain Social Performance Management Systems

January 2013 | Global Social Compliance Programme, Consumer Goods Forum

This resource, developed with support from Shift, provides a framework based on current good practices for companies that are developing a social compliance management system, or improving an existing supply chain social compliance monitoring program.

Supporting the Norwegian OECD National Contact Point

January 2013 | Partners: Norwegian OECD National Contact Point

Shift provided support to the Norwegian National Contact Point as it underwent a formal peer review process in 2013 in line with the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises.

Advising the German Labor Ministry on Implementation of the UN Guiding Principles

January 2013 | Partners: adelphi

Shift helped to author guidance for the German government on implementation of the Guiding Principles in Germany.

Human Rights Reporting and Assurance Frameworks Initiative

November 2012 | Partners: Mazars

This initiative provides companies with comprehensive guidance about how to report on and assure human rights management and performance.

How to Use the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights in Company Research and Advocacy: A Guide for Civil Society Organisations

November 2012 | Mariëtte van Huijstee, Victor Ricco, Laura Ceresna-Chaturvedi; Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO), Center for Human Rights and Environment (CEDHA), Cividep India

This guide is authored by leading civil society organizations in Argentina, India and the Netherlands.

Are There Risks in Knowing and Showing?

October 2012 | John S. Sherman III; Shift

Former corporate lawyer and Shift General Counsel John Sherman argues that potential concerns about conducting human rights due diligence are more than offset by the benefits of doing it.

Advising the Peruvian Financial Regulator on Improved Corporate Management of Social Conflict

October 2012 | Partners: Peruvian Superintendency of Banks, Insurers and Private Pension Funds

Shift supported the Superintendency of Banks, Insurers and Private Pension Funds in Peru in the development and implementation of a new regulation to strengthen due diligence in the Peruvian financial sector.

Advising the International Council of Toy Industries on Alignment with the Guiding Principles

October 2012 | Partners: ICTI CARE Foundation

Shift conducted a high-level gap analysis designed to review and assess the general strengths and weaknesses of ICTI CARE processes against the Guiding Principles.

Corporate Culture and Conflict Management in the Extractive Industries: A Study in Peru

September 2012 | Caroline Rees, Deanna Kemp, Rachel Davis; Corporate Responsibility Initiative, Harvard Kennedy School

This study examines company policies and processes for and attitudes towards company-community conflict in the extractives sector in Peru.

Bringing A Human Rights Lens to Corporate Water Stewardship

September 2012 | Partners: Pacific Institute, UN Global Compact CEO Water Mandate

This collaboration focused on developing guidance to help companies respect the human rights to water and sanitation.

Innovations in Global Supply Chains

September 2012 | Partners: Global Social Compliance Programme (Consumer Goods Forum)

This collaboration sought to identify, analyze and disseminate innovative models that incentivize good labor rights practices in global supply chains.

Lawyers as Leaders: Training Videos on Business and Human Rights

August 2012 | International Bar Association, UN Global Compact

This instructional video series shares insights from leading experts and practitioners about the important role of lawyers in the design and management of corporate policies and practices on human rights.

Respecting Human Rights Through Global Supply Chains

August 2012 | Shift

This resource examines how companies can implement the Guiding Principles throughout their supply chains, including identifying and prioritizing risks, using their leverage, understanding the role of auditing and supporting grievance mechanisms.

Implications of the Guiding Principles for the Fair Labor Association

July 2012 | Shift

This analysis by Shift reviews the implications of the Guiding Principles for the work of the Fair Labor Association (FLA), a multistakeholder initiative focusing on workers’ rights.

Embedding Respect for Human Rights

June 2012 | Shift

This resource captures and distills company reflections on what it takes to embed respect for human rights into corporate culture, including senior management buy-in, balancing competing priorities and effective communication.

Embedding the Corporate Responsibility to Respect Human Rights Within Company Culture

June 2012 | Rick Relinger; Shift

This paper analyzes how corporate culture evolves and changes, and identifies stumbling blocks and lessons for success for companies seeking to make respect for human rights part of their corporate culture and they do business every day.

Corporate-Community Dialogue: Documentary Series

June 2012 | Corporate Responsibility Initiative, Harvard Kennedy School

This documentary series looks at how companies and communities have resolved disputes over corporate activities on three specific projects: an oil and gas facility in Nigeria, a mine in Peru and a hydropower project in the Philippines.

Professional Responsibility of Lawyers under the Guiding Principles

April 2012

Hard and soft law developments with implications for lawyers as they advise corporate clients on human rights.

The Shift From Principles to Practice

March 2012 | John G. Ruggie

This Viewpoint by Shift Chair and Guiding Principles author John Ruggie looks at the early years of implementation of the Guiding Principles.

Guidance for Companies on Respecting Children's Right to Be Free From Child Labor

February 2012 | Partners: International Labour Organization - International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour; International Organisation of Employers

In collaboration with our partners at the ILO and IOE, as well as multiple companies in different sectors, we assessed how companies are managing child labor risks on the ground, to inform the development of comprehensive guidance.

European Commission Human Rights Sector Guides

February 2012 | Partners: Institute for Human Rights and Business; European Commission Directorate-General for Enterprise

This collaboration with a range of practitioners and stakeholders led to the development of guidance for three sectors on implementing the Guiding Principles.

Advising the Fair Labor Association on Alignment With the Guiding Principles

February 2012 | Partners: Fair Labor Association

In 2012, Shift helped the Fair Labor Association assess the implications of the Guiding Principles for its work.

Advising the Global Network Initiative on a Public Engagement Mechanism

February 2012 | Partners: Global Network Initiative

Helping a multistakeholder initiative solicit information and feedback from the public on issues related to privacy and freedom of expression.

The Corporate Responsibility to Respect Human Rights: An Interpretive Guide

November 2011 | United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights

This resource is the official guidance issued by the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights for implementers of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights.

Law Firms' Implementation of the Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights

November 2011 | Advocates for International Development

This discussion paper, produced just after the endorsement of the Guiding Principles, addresses legal professionals key responsibilities when it comes to human rights, and identifies leading practices.

Principles for Responsible Contracts: Integrating the Management of Human Rights Risks Into State-Investor Contract Negotiations: Guidance for Negotiators

June 2011 | John G. Ruggie; UN Human Rights Council, UN Office of the High Commission for Human Rights

This resource, issued as an addendum to Ruggie’s final report to the UN Human Rights Council, outlines 10 principles designed to help guide the integration of human rights risk management into contract negotiations.

UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights

June 2011 | John G. Ruggie; United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights

This resource is the global authoritative standard on the business responsibility to respect human rights, unanimously endorsed by the UN Human Rights Council in 2011.

Piloting Principles for Effective Company-Stakeholders Grievance Mechanisms: A Report of Lessons Learned

May 2011 | Caroline Rees; Corporate Responsibility Initiative, Harvard Kennedy School

This comprehensive study of what constitutes effective operational-level grievance mechanisms was produced as part of the Ruggie mandate and was published by the UN Human Rights Council in 2011. Its findings are reflected in the Guiding Principles.

Human Rights and Corporate Law: Trends and Observations From a Cross-National Study Conducted by the Special Representative

May 2011 | John G. Ruggie; UN Human Rights Council

This report summarizes the findings based on extensive research and consultation with corporate law experts in multiple jurisdictions regarding the links between corporate and securities law and human rights.

Embedding Rights Compatible Grievance Processes for External Stakeholders Within Business Culture

August 2009 | John F. Sherman III; Corporate Responsibility Initiative, Harvard Kennedy School

This resource summarizes key considerations for companies when creating an Integrated Conflict Management system to manage disputes with external stakeholders.

Getting it Right: Making Corporate-Community Relations Work

June 2009 | Mary B. Anderson and Luc Zandvliet; Greenleaf Publishing

This go-to guidance book on corporate-community relations in the extractive sector is based on nearly 10 years of field experience at 40 operational sites around the world.

Human Rights Translated: A Business and Reference Guide

November 2008 | Castan Centre for Human Rights Law at Monash University, International Business Leaders Forum, and Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

This comprehensive, baseline resource for businesses lays out what human rights are and how businesses can impact them.

Protect, Respect and Remedy: A Framework for Business and Human Rights

April 2008 | John G. Ruggie; UN Human Rights Council

This report was submitted by John Ruggie to the UN Human Rights Council in 2008 and establishes the three-pillar framework for the Guiding Principles: protect, respect, remedy. It is not the Guiding Principles but helps to explain the rationale for them.

Mapping Grievance Mechanisms in the Business and Human Rights Arena

January 2008 | Caroline Rees, David Vermijs; Corporate Responsibility Initiative, Harvard Kennedy School

This report analyzes the existing grievance mechanisms from companies, industry groups, multistakeholder initiatives, national human rights institutions, national labor dispute systems, development banks and international institutions.

Stakeholder Engagement: A Good Practice Handbook for Companies Doing Business in Emerging Markets

May 2007 | International Finance Corporation

This foundational guidance from the International Finance Corporation offers a comprehensive overview of how companies should engage with stakeholders, particularly potentially affected people.

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